The Persian

The Persian

Elegant and sweet, this breed is the ideal housecat.
The Persian is an old breed and for those who love this elegant cat, it will come as no surprise that the longhaired feline originated in the cradle of civilization: Mesopotamia, which was later known as Persia and is now modern-day Iran. The Persian’s striking appearance attracted the attention of 17th-century Italian nobleman and world traveller Pietro Della Valle, who is credited with bringing the first longhaired cats to Europe in 1626.

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Until the late 19th century, when breeding and showing cats became popular, longhaired cats from Persia, Turkey, Afghanistan and other exotic locales were known simply as “Asiatic” cats. At the Crystal Palace cat show in 1871, Persian-type cats were among the breeds exhibited. They were popular pets of the time and had a special cachet because of Queen Victoria’s fondness for them.

Through selective breeding, cat fanciers began to mould the Persian to its present-day appearance. They bred cats to have a round head, short face, snub nose, chubby cheeks, small, rounded ears, big eyes, and a sturdy body.

The dignified and docile Persian is known for being quiet and sweet. They enjoy sitting on a lap, being petted and playing house with kind children who will gently comb them, as Persians are affectionate but discriminating. They reserve their attention for family members and those few guests whom they feel they can trust.

Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. Although they are beautiful and sweet, Persians are prone to a number of potential health problems, most commonly related to their facial structure: breathing difficulty or noisy breathing caused by constricted nostrils, dental malocclusions, meaning the teeth don’t mesh well together, excessive tearing and polycystic, kidney disease, a hereditary disease is prevalent in the breed, affecting almost half the population in some countries.

Loud environments aren’t a Persian’s style; they are sedate cats who prefer a serene home where little changes from day to day. With large, expressive eyes and a voice that has been described as soft and musical, Persians let their simple needs be known: regular meals, a little playtime with a catnip mouse or feather teaser, and lots of love, which they return tenfold.